Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal diseases
Periodontics is a branch of dental medicine that deals with gum diseases and surrounding tissues. It’s an extremely important branch that allows us to prevent and cure gum diseases that are more present nowadays because of our chaotic lifestyle.
The causes of periodontal diseases are bad food intake, poor oral hygiene, smoking, irregular occlusion, medications, and others. We have gingivitis, a periodontal pocket, and periodontitis. These types of diseases can be tamed with optimal care of the oral cavity and regular check-ups.
The first and the most common type of periodontal disease is certainly – gingivitis. It concerns irritation, redness, swelling, and discomfort in the area of the gums. The cause of gingivitis is often connected with poor oral hygiene and bad life habits. But, it’s very important to take this type of periodontal disease very seriously as it can lead to more serious problems such as periodontitis and in the end tooth loss.
When the gums are healthy and there are no inflammations present in the surrounding tissue, the gums around the toot should fit perfectly around it. But, in some cases, when the gums are starting to develop some periodontal diseases or the teeth are not cleaned properly, the periodontal pocket around the tooth can gather bacteria, form plaque and therefore expand the dental pocket.
In that case, the help of a dentist is required, as this periodontal pocket should be cleaned in depth and professionally. Like all diseases, the periodontal pocket can be kept under control with early diagnosis and regular check-ups.
The ultimate periodontal disease is surely periodontitis. Like gingivitis and the periodontal pocket, it’s followed by symptoms such as: pain while chewing and the impossibility to consume certain types of food, gum retraction and gum swelling, bad breath that never goes away (caused by the excess of bacteria in your mouth).
It’s usually a result of poor oral habits, so it’s certainly preventable.
Make sure to brush twice a day, floss and go to regular dental check-ups at least twice a year, on which our specialists will determine if you need a professional plaque removal, which type of brush you need to use, which kind of floss and even teach you the ideal brushing technique.